Let’s talk about Male Infertility

Under the male infertility, it is customary to understand such a state of the male body in which the conception of the child is impossible. There are three different types of male infertility: secretory, obturational, immunological. About infertility in men it is then if a woman has no problems, and a man has a violation of the fertilizing capacity of sperm, or there is a pathology of sexual function or the function of ejaculation.

Many different factors

If a man diagnoses a secretion form of infertility, the problem is that, due to various causes, the testes are unable to produce mobile healthy spermatozoa, the concentration of which is sufficient to fertilize the egg. A similar pathology occurs in a man due to hormonal disorders, testicular torsion, genetic causes, dropsy testicles. Also, this phenomenon can provoke chronic ailments, diseases of the genital organs, etc. In addition, among the factors that can cause this type of infertility in men, determine avitaminosis, protein deficiency of food, testicular injuries, some professional factors.

When obturatsionnoy form of male infertility in the male body, there is an obstacle that does not allow the sperm to freely enter the testicles into the urethra. As such an obstacle may be spikes after infection or inflammation, postoperative scars, absence or narrowing of the tract of the vas deferens, presence of a tumor or cyst of the genital organs or those adjacent to the body.

If there is an immunological form of male infertility, then in this case its development is usually preceded by a testicle trauma. In the male body, antibodies to testicular tissue develop. After injury, the tissue of the testicles and the immune system of the person come into contact, as a result of which the testes are perceived immunity as foreign bodies.

Diagnosing

In the process of diagnosing male infertility, the doctor conducts a general examination and questioning of the patient. After that, with the help of laboratory tests, the level of hormones in the blood is assessed, a spermogram (i.e., ejaculate analysis) is performed. Also, during the diagnosis, a male is assigned ultrasound of the genital organs, and in some cases an MAP test is prescribed.

Spermogram can determine the following violations: low concentration of sperm, lack of sperm in the ejaculate, low sperm motility or complete absence of motile spermatozoa, decrease in normal forms of spermatozoa.