Infertility in women is the inability of a woman to conceive a child due to various kinds of disorders in the reproductive system of her body. So, very often the cause of infertility in a woman becomes the ovarian cyst, the pathology of the fallopian tubes, a violation of the interaction in the cervix of the mucus with spermatozoa.
What causes it?
Very often conception in a woman is impossible because of impaired maturation of the egg. As a rule, this condition provokes a hormonal imbalance, which in women occurs much more often than in men. Violations of hormonal character negatively affect the process of maturation of the egg, and provokes violations of ovulation, as well as the functions of the yellow body. As a rule, problems in the functioning of the ovaries occur as a consequence of disorders in the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenal glands. If the endocrine disorders are the cause of infertility, then during the therapy the doctor prescribes funds that restore the hormonal balance and stimulate the maturation of the egg.
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Another cause of infertility in women is polycystic ovary syndrome. Often in women, infertility causes the appearance in the ovaries of a large number of small cysts. These cysts are the vesicles in which the liquid collects. As a rule, this ailment develops against the background of a high content of male hormones in the blood. In this case, infertility in women, as a rule, manifests itself as a consequence of impaired egg ripening. As a treatment for this disease, ovulation stimulation using FSH is used.
Among the reasons for the impossibility of conception in women, tubal infertility is often diagnosed. In a normal state, the spermatozoa move along the fallopian tubes and eventually reach the ovum. Through the tubes, fertilized ovules move into the uterus. If there is a gluing of the fallopian tubes, or they are clogged in a different way, the process of egg movement may be difficult or they will not be able to move at all. Obstruction of the fallopian tubes sometimes provokes an inflammatory process or endometriosis, that is, an outgrowth of the endometrium beyond the uterus. To date, there are many methods to determine the patency of the fallopian tubes. With a similar pathology, conception can be performed using the IVF method.
Genetics and immunity
Often, a woman’s pregnancy does not occur immediately because of endometriosis, that is, outgrowth beyond the uterus of her mucous layer. Until now, it is not known, for what reason this ailment occurs. If the foci of endometriosis are located in the fallopian tubes, then due to the manifestation of scars the tubes lose their functions. If a woman is diagnosed with endometriosis, then such a diagnosis in some cases is an indication for IVF.
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Sometimes infertility in women is a consequence of changes in the uterus and cervix. Such changes may appear as a consequence of the operation. Also, pregnancy can not occur because of immune abnormalities of the cervix. To overcome this problem, artificial insemination is used.
In addition, female infertility can be a consequence of the development of uterine fibroids, a number of malformations of the tubes, uterus or ovaries, the presence of disorders of the body’s immune system. In the latter case we are talking about the so-called biological incompatibility, due to which the immune system of a woman considers an ovum or spermatozoon an alien body, and, accordingly, destroys them.
Sometimes infertility in women occurs as a consequence of genetic causes. However, female infertility is manifested for genetic reasons much less often than infertility in men.